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Durres

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Durres is the second largest city with a population of more than 106,000 people. It is also one of the most significant economic centers in Albania. It is located on the central Albanian coast, about 33 km from the capital city Tirana. Durres is situated at one of the narrower points of the Adriatic Sea, opposite the Italian ports of Bari (300 km) and Brindisi (200 km). Nowadays, sandy Durres Beach is becoming more and more popular and plays an important role in Albanian tourism.



drac01The Durres Archaeological Museum is located near the sea shore and presents the greatest archeological collection in Albania. It includes an extensive collection from the Ancient Greek, Hellenistic and Roman periods, Late Antique and Early Middle Age periods. 

Durres Amphitheatre, built by the Romans, is one of the largest amphitheaters in the Balkan Peninsula, having a capacity of 15,000 people. It has more than 120 m in diameter and belongs to the most magnificent historical sites that has been maintained of an ancient city damaged during earthquakes. The amphitheater built in the 2nd century AD was used for gladiatorial combats and wild animal fights. In the 7nd century, there was built Christian crypt with the most valuable mosaics in one of the galleries. Subsequently, the amphitheater was used as a burial ground and cemetery. It was discovered at the beginning of the 20th century. Although parts of the amphitheater are built up by houses, UNESCO considers it as a World Heritage candidate.